Dr Jennifer Harland
Dr Jennifer Harland
Office hours: Thursdays, 1-3pm
Jen started teaching part-time at the Institute in September 2014. She currently researches the zooarchaeology of the North Atlantic, with a particular focus on the identification and analysis of fish remains. After completing a BSc in Archaeological Science at York in 2000, she remained at York to study for an MSc in Archaeological Information Systems in 2001. She then obtained AHRB funding for a PhD entitled ‘Zooarchaeology in the Viking Age to Medieval Northern Isles, Scotland: An investigation of spatial and temporal patterning’, supervised by Dr James Barrett. Her PhD was interspersed with several excavation seasons at Quoygrew, on Westray, where Jen was in charge of environmental processing. Jen started working as one of the two primary post-docs on James Barrett’s ‘The Medieval Origins of Commercial Sea Fishing Project’ in 2006. This 3 year Leverhulme-funded project involved using stable isotope analysis in conjunction with traditional zooarchaeological methods to track preserved cod, and it was hosted by the McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge. Following a period of maternity leave, Jen completed a 10 month AHRC-funded part-time post-doc with Prof Matthew Collins at York investigating innovative new methods of fish bone identification using bone collagen sequencing (ZooMS, zooarchaeology by mass spectrometry). After a relocation to Orkney, a second spell of maternity and a few years at home with the kids, Jen is delighted to have joined the team at the archaeology institute as a part-time staff member.
Jen’s primary research is the zooarchaeology of the North Atlantic, particularly anything relating to fish remains. Although her research to date has focussed on the Viking Age to the recent past, she is also interested in fishy aspects of earlier time periods. She is also interested in biomolecular methods of analysis, historical ecology, marine conservation, the study of human remains and digital heritage.
Jen currently contributes to the following modules:
- Archaeological Project (SCQF 9)
- Archaeological Science (SCQF 9)
- Archaeology of the Highlands and Islands (SCQF 11)
- Digital Heritage (SCQF 8) module leader
- Dissertation Archaeology (SCQF 10)
- Dissertation (Archaeological Practice) (SCQF 11)
- Early Medieval Archaeology (SCQF 11)
- From the Vikings to VE Day (SCQF 11)
- Funerary and Burial Archaeology (SCQF 10)
- Maritime Archaeology and Heritage of Northern Scotland (SCQF 10) module leader
- Research and Communication Skills (SCQF 11)
- Scottish Archaeology (SCQF 8)
- Sustainability: Past, present and future (SCQF 10)
Barrett JH and JF Harland (2012). ‘Ecofact recovery and patterns of deposition’, in JH Barrett (ed.), Being an Islander: Production and Identity at Quoygrew, Orkney, AD 900–1600. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research. 97-102.
Harland, JF (2012). 'Chapter 8: Animal Husbandry: The Mammal Bone', in JH Barrett (ed.) Being an Islander: Production and identity at Quoygrew, Orkney, AD 900-1600. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research. 139-154.
Harland, JF and JH Barrett (2012). ‘Chapter 7: The Maritime Economy, Fish Bone’, in JH Barrett (ed.) Being an Islander: Production and identity at Quoygrew, Orkney, AD 900-1600. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research. 115-138.
Harland JF, RA Bennett, JI Andrews, TP O'Connor and JH Barrett (2012). ‘Fowling: The bird bones’, in JH Barrett (ed.), Being an Islander: Production and Identity at Quoygrew, Orkney, AD 900–1600. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research. 155-160.
Barrett, JH, D Orton, C Johnstone, J Harland, W Van Neer, A Ervynck, C Roberts, A Locker, C Amundsen, I Bødker Enghoff, S Hamilton-Dyer, D Heinrich, A Karin Hufthammer, AKG Jones, L Jonsson, D Makowiecki, P Pope, TC O’Connell, T de Roo and M Richards (2011). ‘Interpreting the expansion of sea fishing in medieval Europe using stable isotope analysis of archaeological cod bones’. Journal of Archaeological Science 38. 1516-1524.
Orton, DC, D Makowiecki, T de Roo, C Johnstone, J Harland, L Jonsson, D Heinrich, I Bødker Enghoff, L Lougas, W Van Neer, A Ervynck, AK Hufthammer, C Amundsen, AKG Jones, A Locker, S Hamilton-Dyer, P Pope, BR MacKenzie, M Richards, TC O’Connell and JH Barrett (2011). ‘Stable isotope evidence for late medieval (14th-15th C) origins of the Eastern Baltic cod (Gadus morhua) fishery’, PLOS One. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0027568.
Collins, MJ, J Harland, O Craig, K Korzow Richter, N van Doorn and C Trueman. (2010) ‘What use are old fish bones in helping to understand the history of marine animal populations?’ in Gertwagen, R, T Fortibuoni, O Giovanardi, S Libralato, C Solidoro and S Raicevich (eds.) When Humanities Meet Ecology: Proceedings of the HMAP International Summer School: Historic changes in Mediterranean and Black Sea marine biodiversity and ecosystems since the Roman period until nowadays. Languages, methodologies and perspectives. Proceedings of the HMAP In- ternational Summer School. 31st August – 4th September 2009, Trieste (Italy). Rome: ISPRA Serie Atti 2010: 61-72.
Harland, JF and RL Parks (2009). ‘The Fish Remains’, in A Ritchie (ed.) On the fringe of Neolithic Europe: Excavation of a chambered cairn on the Holm of Papa Westray, Orkney. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.
Barrett, JH, C Johnstone, J Harland, W Van Neer, A Ervynck, D Makowiecki, D Heinrich, AK Hufthammer, I Bødker Enghoff, C Amundsen, JS Christiansen, AKG Jones, A Locker, S Hamilton-Dyer, L Jonsson, L Lougas, C Roberts and M Richards (2008). ‘Detecting the medieval cod trade: A new method and first results’ Journal of Archaeological Science 35: 850-861.
Harland, JH, C Johnstone and AKG Jones (2008). ‘A case study from the Medieval Origins of Commercial Sea Fishing Project: Zooarchaeological results from York (UK)’ in Béarez, P, S Grouard and B Clavel (eds.) Archéologie du Poisson. 30 Ans D’Archéo-Ichtyologie au CNRS: Hommage aux travaux de Jean Desse et Nathalie Desse-Berset XXVIIIe rencontres internationales d’archéologie et d’histoire d’Antibes XIVthICAZ Fish remains working group meeting. 15-26.
Harland, JF (2007). ‘Status and space in the ‘Fish Event Horizon’: initial results from Quoygrew and Earl’s Bu, Viking Age and medieval sites in Orkney, Scotland’, in HH Plogmann (ed.) The Role of Fish in Ancient Time, Rahden: Verlag Marie Leidorf: 63-68.
Jen and various colleagues at the Archaeology Institute will be hosting the Spring 2016 Association for Environmental Archaeology Conference.
The fish remains from Earl’s Bu, Orphir, in conjunction with Colleen Batey and Ingrid Mainland
The fish remains from Knowe of Skea, Berst Ness, Westray in conjunction with EASE Archaeology
Finalising publications relating to the fish remains from Viking and medieval York as part of the Medieval Origins of Commercial Sea Fishing Project in conjunction with James Barrett
Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
Member of the Association for Environmental Archaeology
Member International Council for Archaeozoology (including membership of the Fish Remains Working Group)
Member Orkney Maritime Archaeology Forum
Jen has undertaken the analysis of fish remains from several commercial sites and projects, firstly undertaken as part of the commercial wing of the Centre for Human Palaeoecology at York and subsequently as a free-lance zooarchaeologist. Most of these reports are available on her academia.edu page, and it is hoped many of these will eventually be incorporated into excavation monographs. Selected reports include:
Harland, JF (2013). Technical Report: The fish remains from Stackelbrae, Orkney. Reports from the Centre for Human Palaeoecology, University of York 2013/01, 39pp.
Harland, JF (2010). Technical Report: The fish bone from Bon Accord, Aberdeen (site code 20215). Reports from the Centre for Human Palaeoecology, University of York 2010/02, 68pp.
Harland, JF (2009). Technical Report: Fish remains from the Drogheda Boat, Ireland. Reports from the Centre for Human Palaeoecology, University of York 2009/02, 32pp.
Harland, JF (2007). Technical Report: The fish bone from Grand Arcade, Cambridge (sitecode GAD05/06). Reports from the Centre for Human Palaeoecology, University of York 2008/5, 26pp.